World Tuberculosis Day is observed annually on March 24th to raise awareness about tuberculosis (TB) and to support efforts to eliminate the disease. TB is a bacterial infection that primarily affects the lungs, but can also affect other parts of the body. It is spread through the air when a person with active TB disease coughs or sneezes.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), TB is one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide and the leading cause of death from a single infectious agent. In 2020, an estimated 10 million people worldwide became sick with TB, and 1.4 million people died from the disease.
The theme for World Tuberculosis Day 2023 is “It’s Time to End TB”. The campaign aims to accelerate progress towards achieving the global targets of ending TB by 2030. The WHO has set a target of diagnosing and treating 40 million people with TB by 2023.
The key strategies to end TB include early diagnosis, effective treatment, and prevention. People with TB need to take a combination of antibiotics for several months to be cured. It is important to complete the entire course of treatment to prevent the development of drug-resistant TB.
In addition to medical interventions, social and economic determinants play a key role in the transmission and spread of TB. Addressing poverty, malnutrition, and overcrowding can help reduce the burden of TB.
On World Tuberculosis Day, various events and activities are organized worldwide to raise awareness about the disease and to advocate for greater investment in TB research and control efforts. These efforts aim to eliminate TB as a public health threat by 2030.
Dr. Harsha Vardhana Varma Penumatsa
Experience: 5 Years
Specialty: Chest Physician