Serum Glutamic-Pyruvic Transaminase

SGPT Full Form: Serum Glutamic-Pyruvic Transaminase

SGPT, often referred to as ALT (Alanine Aminotransferase), is a crucial enzyme found primarily in the liver cells. It plays a vital role in various metabolic processes within the body, specifically in amino acid conversion and energy transfer.

The full form of SGPT, “Serum Glutamic-Pyruvic Transaminase,” signifies its function in transferring amino groups from glutamic acid to pyruvic acid, facilitating critical reactions in the body.

One of the main purposes of measuring SGPT levels through a blood test is to assess the health of the liver. When the liver is healthy, SGPT levels typically remain within a normal range. However, various factors, such as liver diseases (e.g., hepatitis, cirrhosis), alcohol consumption, certain medications, and viral infections, can cause SGPT levels to elevate.

Monitoring SGPT levels is essential as elevated levels often indicate an underlying liver issue. This test is a valuable tool in diagnosing liver problems, monitoring the effectiveness of treatment, and making informed decisions regarding healthcare.

In summary, SGPT stands for Serum Glutamic-Pyruvic Transaminase, an enzyme crucial for liver health and metabolic processes. Regular monitoring of SGPT levels helps in the early detection and management of liver-related issues.