Human monkeypox is a zoonotic disease that is endemic to central and western Africa. It is caused byan orthopoxvirus that was first identified in captive monkeys in 1958, and in a child from DR Congo in 1970.There are two variants of the virus: the Congo Basinclade and the west African clade. Unlike the variola virus,the monkeypox virus has a wide range of hosts and a reservoir in wild animals.
- RASH (INITIALLY FACE LATER BODY), NECK SWELLINGS, VOMITING AND
- 7-17 DAYS
How is it spreading?
Transmission between people mostly occurs through large respiratory droplets, normally meaning prolonged contact face to face. But the virus can also spread through bodily fluids. The latest cases have mainly been among men who have sex with men.
- IGM IGG ANTIBODIES
- Viral Culture
Is Monkeypox Deadly and Can it be Treated?
Generally, monkeypox cases are mild and people tend to recover within weeks. But the death rate varies, depending on the type.
Which Drugs Are Used?
Antivirals cidofovir and tecovirimat can be used to control.
Any Vaccine Available?
yes, ACAM200 and JYNNEOS are approved but only available in the USA.